We understand that there is an adaptation problem or stress with the appearance of emotional or behavioral symptoms in response to an identifiable stressor (such as a change of job, place of residence, illness, etc.) and that they occur shortly after the change factor or stressor.

The symptoms are expressed by a discomfort greater than expected (in intensity, frequency and duration) in response to the stressor and with a significant deterioration of social or work activity and is what leads the patient to come to the consultation.

Taking into account the patient's difficulties and the stressor to which we must adapt, the strategies used to deal with the difficulties encountered and the thoughts that maintain this maladjustment will be personalized.

If it is consulted before a long time has passed, a brief intervention can reverse the patient's symptoms quickly and satisfactorily.

It occurs when the person has been exposed to a traumatic event in which he or she has experienced, witnessed or been explained one or more events characterized by death or threats to his or her physical integrity or that of others; And the person has responded with terror, hopelessness, or intense horror.

During or after the situation, you may experience the following symptoms:

  • Subjective feeling of affective dulling or lack of emotional reaction.
  • Reduced knowledge of his surroundings, he finds himself dazed.
  • Derealization (feelings of being out of touch with reality).
  • Depersonalization (feelings of identity confusion).
  • Amnesia (absence of memories).
  • The event is persistently re-experienced in images, thoughts, dreams, flashbacks.
  • Sensations of reliving the experience.
  • Avoidance of things that remind us of the trauma.
  • Symptoms marked by anxiety.

In these cases, it will be necessary to provide good therapeutic support so that the person can manage the event that activates post-traumatic stress and it does not continue to interfere with their life and make it difficult for them to continue living normally.

The emotional and cognitive strategies that we will provide to the patient will be enough for them to do good emotional management and gradually return to their routine and normality.


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