When we are faced with personality disorders, we see that patients have a different way of understanding reality and relating to it, which often generates social and personal discomfort and feelings of inferiority or isolation. A good diagnosis, in this case, will be the key for the person to understand what happens to him and to have the necessary tools to be able to face reality and learn to relate to it from his vision without generating problems or interference in his daily life.

A therapeutic accompaniment becomes essential in these cases, because there is a great psychopedagogy in therapy that allows the patient to learn and know himself and his reality.

The personality disorders that we can find are the following:

Distrust and general suspicion so that the intentions of others are interpreted as malicious. They suspect that others are going to take advantage of them, hurt or deceive them; worry about unjustified doubts about the loyalty or fidelity of friends and partners; reluctance to trust others for fear of being used against them; harbors grudges; sees threatening ulterior motives; perceives attacks on his person and reputation; and repeatedly and unjustifiably suspects that his partner is unfaithful.

Distancing from social relationships and restriction of the expression of emotional expression at the interpersonal level. They neither desire nor enjoy personal relationships, including family relationships; choose solitary activities; little interest in sexual experiences with others; enjoy few activities; has no close or trusted friends; is indifferent to the flattery and criticism of others; It shows emotional coldness, distancing or flattening of affectivity.

Social and interpersonal deficits associated with acute distress and a reduced capacity for personal relationships, as well as "extavagant" thoughts and eccentric behaviors. Ideas of self-reference, strange beliefs or magical thinking, unusual perceptual experiences, strange thinking and language, suspicion, inappropriate or restricted affectivity, strange or peculiar behavior, lack of close friends, and excessive social anxiety.

Contempt and violation of the rights of others. Failure to conform to social norms, dishonesty, repeated lying, impulsivity, irritability and aggressiveness, reckless disregard for one's safety or that of others, persistent irresponsibility, and lack of remorse.

Instability of interpersonal relationships, self-image and effectiveness, and a remarkable impulsivity. Efforts to avoid real or imagined abandonment, unstable and intense interpersonal relationships, identity disturbance, self-harming impulsivity, suicide attempts or threats, self-mutilating behavior, affective instability, feelings of emptiness, inappropriate and intense anger, and paranoid ideas.

Excessive emotionality and a search for attention. He does not feel comfortable in situations where he is not the center of attention, the interaction with others is usually seductive or provocative, superficial and changing emotional expression, uses the physical to attract attention, excessively subjective and unnuanced speech, dramatization, theatricality and exaggerated emotional expression, suggestible, influenced by others, and considers his relationships more intimate than they really are.

Grandiosity, need for admiration and a lack of empathy. Great sense of importance, preoccupied with fantasies of unlimited success, imaginary power, brilliance, beauty or love, believes that he is "special" and unique and that he can only be understood by other people who are special or of high status, demands excessive admiration, is very pretentious, interpersonally exploitative, lacks empathy, envies others or believes that they envy him, and exhibits arrogant and arrogant behavior.

Social inhibition, feelings of inferiority and a hypersensitivity to negative evaluation. Avoids jobs that involve social contact due to fear of criticism, disapproval or rejection, reluctance to engage with people if you are not sure they will please, repression in intimate relationships due to fear of being embarrassed or ridiculed, worried about the possibility of being criticized or rejected in social situations, inhibited in new interpersonal situations because of feelings of inferiority, He sees himself as socially inept, uninteresting or inferior to others, and is reluctant to take personal risks or engage in new activities because they may be sympathetic.

General and excessive need for oneself, which causes a behavior of submission and adherence and fears of separation. Difficulties in making everyday decisions if you do not have advice and reaffirmation from others, need for others to take responsibility for the main areas of your life, difficulty expressing disagreement with others out of fear, difficulties in starting personal projects, voluntarily doing unpleasant tasks to seek protection and support, discomfort when alone, When a relationship ends, urgently look for another that gives you care and support, and fear that they will abandon you and have to take care of yourself.

Concern for order, perfectionism, and mental and interpersonal control, at the expense of flexibility, spontaneity, and efficiency. Preoccupation with details, rules, lists, order, organization and schedules, until losing sight of the main object of the activity, perfectionism, excessive dedication to work and productivity apart from leisure and friendship, excessive stubbornness, conscientiousness and inflexibility in matters of morals, ethics, or values, inability to throw away worn or useless objects, reluctant to delegate work tasks to others unless they do it exactly as they want, Miserly style in expenses for himself and others and rigidity.


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